Medical Laboratory Technology

Medical Laboratory Technology

Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) is a branch of Science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases using clinical laboratory tests.

Medical Laboratory is the facility where tests are carried out on tissue specimens to know more about the health of patients to provide support in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases or any other health issue. Medical laboratories are managed by pathologists. Pathologist is usually a physician with specialization in clinical pathology.

Medical Lab Technicians work under a Pathologist. They perform certain tests related to internal environment of human body like chemical, hematological, immunological, histopathological, cytopathological and microbiological analysis on body fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid, blood , stool, urine, sputum, synovial fluid and peritoneal fluids as well as other specimens.

MedicalLab Technicians prepare specimens for analysis, use equipment to locate microorganisms or artifacts in the tissue specimen, monitor tests and procedures, analyze the chemical content of fluids, match blood for transfusions, and test for drug levels in the blood.

Available Courses, Duration and Eligibility

Sr. No.Course NameDurationEligibility
1Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology6 months10+2
2Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology( DMLT )1 year (2semesters)10+2  
3Advance Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology  ( Adv. DMLT)2 years (4 semesters)10+2
4Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc.) Degree  in Medical Laboratory Technology3 years (6 semesters)10+2
5Post Graduate Diploma in Medical Lab Technology ( PG DMLT)1 year (2semesters)B.Voc/ B.Sc MLT, B.Sc- Zoology/ BioTechnology/ BioChemistry/ Microbiology
6Masters of Vocation (M.Voc) in Medical Lab Technology2 years (4 semesters)B.Voc/ B.Sc MLT, B.Sc- Zoology/ BioTechnology/BioChemistry/Microbiology

Career & Job Opportunities

The scope has expanded with a number of opportunities have been on the rise. New Hospitals and Diagnostics Centers are coming up rapidly in Metro as well Tier 2 Cities. Medical Laboratory Technicians find employment in Pathology labs, Research labs, Pharmaceuticals,Hospitals and even a career in Education Field.They even can open their own collection centre/ Laboratory with the franchise model of Diagnostics / laboratory companies.

Course Contents

While pursuing the course, Student will have fair idea about the topics covered under Medical Laboratory Technology like 

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Intro to Microbiology, Haematology, Biochemistry
  • Phlebotomy and Biomedical Waste Management
  • Clinical Pathology, Histopathology and Cytology
  • Microbial Physiology, Metabolism
  • Blood Banking, Serology and Immunology
  • Bacteriology
  • Bio-chemistry Metabolism
  • Genetics, Parasitology and Virology
  • Endocrinology, Tumour and Cancer Markers